Despite several puppy buying guides stating that temperament should be the primary consideration in buying a dog, there are still a lot of people who prioritize physical characteristics.
One of the most common features that these buyers look into is the dog’s eye color. Pups with unusual eye color usually get adopted faster than their other littermates.
Since the AKC does not recognize Pitbulls with blue eyes, many pet owners and enthusiasts are intrigued regarding this variety.
However, it is necessary to clarify that the blue eyeshade of Pitbulls is rare, and they usually change when they reach 9 to 12 weeks.
If you want to learn more about what causes blue eyes in blue-eyed Pitbulls, the controversy enveloping it, and some other useful facts, I suggest that you read this guide from beginning to end. This will help you understand if a blue-eyed pup is really rare and worth adopting.
Clarification Regarding the Use of the Word “Pitbull”
Before I begin my discussion, let me first explain that the word “Pitbull” is an umbrella term used to address dog breeds that descended from Bulldogs and Terriers.
They have the same origin and genetic makeup that’s why they are labeled as such. These dogs include the American Bully, the American Pitbull Terrier, the Staffordshire Bull Terrier, and the American Staffordshire Terrier.
In this article, I am going to use the word Pitbull in this context and will not only focus on the American Pitbull Terrier.
What Is a Blue-Eyed Pitbull?
A blue-eyed Pitbull is a rare Pitbull variety that is notable for its unusual eye color. They are prone to many congenital disorders and eye diseases than their brown and hazel-eyed cousins due to their genetic makeup. However, many Pitbull enthusiasts still prefer them because their striking blue eyes are really a sight to behold.
It is essential to differentiate these adult blue-eyed Pitbulls to newborn pups who have the same eye characteristic. Young Pitbulls and even other dog breeds usually have a light blue eye color that changes as they mature.
If, for instance, the pup’s eyes did not turn into brown or hazel, only then can it be considered as a rare Pitbull with blue eyes.
Blue-Eyed Pitbull Genetics: How Do Pitbulls Develop Blue Eyes?
You may be wondering what causes blue eyes in Pitbulls. Well, just like its other features, genetics is responsible for this characteristic.
If you are going to search for the color genetics of blue-eyed dogs, you will be presented with very detailed literature that explains its origin. They are confusing and most of the time, too technical.
My goal in this section is to discuss some of the genetic factors that affect eye coloring in a way that is both informative and comprehensive. This will help you realize if a blue-eyed pup is really worth buying.
Presence of the Merle Gene
The Merle Gene controls random pigment dilution in a dog’s coat, nose, and eyes. If you have already seen a pup with intermixed patchworks and an entirely blue nose, this is a typical product of this gene.
Just as this affects the nose and coat, it can also modify a particular dark eye color and make it blue.
Having ALX4 Gene
Although the ALX4 gene is considered necessary in mammalian eye development, its presence can make a pup’s eyes blue.
This is possible because of a genetic mutation that occurred near the ALX4 involving duplication of DNA of the dog’s chromosome 18.
Levels of Melanin
The melanin production of dogs is also affected by its genes, resulting in a pale brown or blue eye color.
If a puppy has a high level of melanin or the pigment in its iris, there is a higher chance that it will have a darker shade of eyes. However, because of pigment loss or low melanin concentration, the pup’s eyes will turn blue.
Another reason why Pitbulls sometimes possess a blue eye color is because of the lack of Tyrosinase, which is an enzyme needed to produce melanin.
This is extremely rare, but it is possible because of a recessive gene inherited from both Pitbull parents. Albino dogs do not produce melanin, which leads to a colorless coat and an altered eye color.
Are Blue-Eyed Pitbulls Rare? What Are the Other Eye Colors of Pitbull?
Adult Pitbulls with blue eyes are considered rare but the young ones aren’t. In fact, most dogs are born with blue eyes. If a breeder told you that these are unusual, you should start questioning his knowledge about dogs.
Some other eye colors that a Pitbull may possess are hazel, brown, grey, and green. But among all of these, the brown color is more prominent.
The blue eyes of your Pitbull will eventually turn into one of these colors as they grow old. If they do not change, as I have discussed earlier, your pup may have the merle gene, which is considered undesirable.
Will My Pitbull’s Eyes Change Color When Growing Up?
As I have mentioned in the former section, your Pitbull’s blue eyes are not permanent. Unless, of course, they have a merle gene or they lack melanin.
When your pups are born, it takes 8 to 14 days before they can open their eyes and show you its diamond blue shade.
If you aren’t informed regarding this phenomenon, you will probably assume that they have rare eyes because there are no hints regarding their mature shade.
By the 9th to 12th week of your Pitbull, their permanent eye color will finally settle in. Note that this doesn’t happen overnight, so you will be able to witness the slow transformation of your Pitbull’s eyes.
Blue-Eyed Pitbull Health Issues
It is quite possible to own a blue-eyed Pitbull without any health issues. However, some may have an increased chance of inheriting specific health problems from their parents and acquiring diseases throughout their lives.
Here are some health issues that blue-eyed Pitbulls can get afflicted with:
Because of having blue eyes, some dogs, including Pitbulls, may develop vision defects. This is due to the presence of the merle gene that dilutes the eye pigmentation.
Not all of those who have merle genes will automatically be afflicted with this problem—only those pups whose parents are both carriers of merle genes.
Deafness is another medical problem that can affect some Pitbulls with blue eyes. This is still linked to the merle gene’s presence but is also associated with the Piebald gene, which causes a lack of mature melanin-producing cells or melanocytes.
To ensure that your blue-eyed pup doesn’t have a hearing impairment, you can have him checked through BAER testing.
Eye diseases such as cataracts and glaucoma are often found in blue-eyed pups. If you noticed that your Pitbull’s eyes are turning cloudy, better have him checked by a trusted veterinarian. He may suggest eye drops to protect and hydrate your dog’s eyes.
Do Kennel Clubs Recognize Pitbulls With Blue Eyes?
Despite being the standard color of a newborn Pitbull’s eyes, the blue coloring is not recognized by any kennel club.
|Pitbull Breed||American Kennel Club (AKC)||United Kennel Club (UKC)|
|American Bully||Breed not recognized||All colors are acceptable except blue|
|American Pitbull Terrier||Breed not recognized||All colors are acceptable except blue|
|Staffordshire Bull Terrier||Dark eyes are preferred, and light eyes or pink eye rims are not accepted||Dark eyes are preferred|
|American Staffordshire Terrier||Dark eyes with no pink eyelids are acceptable||Breed not recognized|
The Controversy Around the Blue-Eyed Pitbull
Blue-eyed Pitbulls are considered controversial by many breeders and kennel clubs because they do not carry the D locus gene that usually leads to this kind of eye color.
Instead, what they possess is the merle gene, which is not naturally present in their breed. This gene is a common result of crossbreeding in a dog’s bloodline and therefore tagged as faulty.
Since blue eyes are associated with the merle gene, Pitbulls, who possess this eye color, are believed to be more prone to diseases and congenital defects like blindness and deafness.
How Do Breeders Produce Blue-Eyed Pitbulls?
Even though breeding for specific eye color is classified as unethical, some breeders still practice this inhumane act for the sake of profit.
They bred together two Pitbulls who are both merle carriers to produce a double merle (MM) litter, usually blue eyes. Doing this is dangerous because these dogs are prone to genetic diseases such as blindness and deafness.
If, for instance, your blue-eyed Pitbull was bred through a one merle-carrier parent and another non-carrier, there is a high probability that your dog will be healthier than those from a double merle litter.
Stricter rules should be imposed for this breeding practice to prevent dogs with multiple congenital anomalies.
What Does the Blue-Eyed Pitbull Look Like?
Blue-eyed pups don’t differ much in appearance from other Pitbulls if their eye coloring is due to their young age or they have inherited the blue gene.
They would still have an extremely wide head with a neck that barely narrows through the shoulders, and their coat color will also not be unusual.
However, if the pup’s blue eyes are caused by genetic reasons like carrying the merle gene, chances are their physical appearance is also altered. For instance, they may have a unique color pattern set that looks fascinating compared to the breed’s standard colors.
Since we are already talking about a blue-eyed Pitbull’s appearance, I would also like to add that the color we perceive in their eyes is not really blue. In fact, their iris is colorless because of the absence of pigments.
We can see the blue color because the light that enters their eyes is said to scatter back in the atmosphere. So we perceive the color blue just like how we see the color of the sky and sea.
Check out these cute 7-weeks old Pitbull puppies with blue eyes!
Pitbull With Blue Eyes Coat Color Examples (With Pictures)
In this section, I will be presenting some pictures of Pitbulls, who have rare blue eye coloring. These dogs may have acquired the M locus or have low melanin levels inherited from their parents.
Grey Pitbull with Blue Eyes
Grey Pitbull with blue eyes is one of the most common. Look at this pup, who isn’t shy to stare at a camera.
White Pitbull with Blue Eyes
White blue-eyed Pitbulls are often affected by albinism. The absence of any pigment on this dog’s coat tells us exactly of its condition.
Black Pitbull with Blue Eyes
The black Pitbull with blue eyes is a sight to behold because it is a mystery how they are produced. They are very rare since Pitbulls only acquire a black coat color if they have high melanin levels, and they possess blue eyes because of the low levels of melanin.
Blue Nose Pitbull with Blue Eyes
This blue-nosed Pitbull may have gained his blue eyes because of low melanin levels. It is considered fascinating because it has two distinguishing features: the color of its eyes and its nose.
Brown Pitbull with Blue Eyes
The brown Pitbull with blue eyes looks as adorable as its other Pitbull cousins. This may be a result of medium to low levels of melanin.
Red Nose Pitbull with Blue Eyes
This is another rare color combination for a Pitbull. Red-nosed Pitbulls are unusual, and when combined with a piercing blue eye, you’ll get this one of a kind robust variety.
Blonde Pitbull with Blue Eyes
Although the blonde Pitbull is not considered the rarest among all the Pitbull colors, it is still uncommon to see one with blue eyes. This is possible because of low melanin levels on the Pitbull’s skin.
Brindle Pitbull with Blue Eyes
The brindle Pitbull is notable for having a coat pattern that resembles tiger stripes. This is a result of a genetic mutation which also includes having blue eyes.
Tri-Color Pitbull with Blue Eyes
The tri-color Pitbull possess varying shades of grey, tan, and white. What makes it more appealing is the presence of its blue eyes that is a product of low melanin production.
Merle Pitbull with Blue Eyes
The merle Pitbull is tagged as the rarest Pitbull color. A lot of people think that they are the same as the brindle Pitbull but they are actually very different. The merle Pitbull has splotches of another color in its coat and they have unpredictable eye colors just like what was shown above.
Blue-Eyed Pitbull Temperament & Personality
A blue-eyed Pitbull has the same temperament and personality as its other cousins.
According to the American Temperament Test Society, Inc. (ATTS), they are considered one of the top canine companions since they have consistently achieved high temperament scores.
They are known to be good service dogs and family pets as well. Here’s the result of the test conducted by ATTS, which aims to measure the breed’s stability, aggressiveness, shyness, and friendliness:
|Pitbull Breed||Test Score|
|American Pit Bull Terrier||87.4%|
|American Staffordshire Terrier||85.5%|
|Staffordshire Bull Terrier||90.9%|
This test is only limited to three breeds that fall under the Pitbull Category. As you have noticed, it did not include the fourth breed, which is the American Bully.
Nevertheless, here is a detailed list that describes a blue-eyed Pitbull’s temperament to better understand the results above:
- They are known to be strong, agile, and powerful.
- They are very determined, and they accomplish what they are asked to do. This is what makes them good service dogs.
- They love human attention, and they are very affectionate.
- They like pleasing their owners, so they are very obedient dogs.
Although Pitbulls, in general, are not aggressive to humans, they tend to be less tolerant of other breeds. It is vital that they are given proper training to avoid inappropriate aggression.
Here are some do’s and don’ts to maintain their balanced temperament:
- Provide your pup with extra socialization.
- Engage them in exercise and mental stimulation.
- Be consistent with your rules.
- Call your local shelter for help if your training methods don’t work.
- Enroll them in respect training if you have the means.
- Don’t physically punish your pup because they will only become more aggressive.
- Don’t give rewards if your Pitbull showed aggressive behavior.
- Do not make eye contact with your pup because it will make them uncomfortable. This often leads to aggression.
- Don’t skip your dog’s vet check-ups and vaccinations.
Blue-Eyed Pitbull Price: How Much Do Blue-Eyed Pitbulls Cost?
Since blue-eyed Pitbulls are rare, you may be charged a significant amount of money when purchasing them from local breeders.
However, this price is most of the time not reasonable because the origin of their blue eyes can be from inbreeding, which is highly anomalous and frowned upon.
The average price of a Pitbull from a reputable breeder is between $800 to $2,000. But if the Pitbull came from an excellent bloodline, it may cost up to $20,000.
If the breeder selling you a blue-eyed Pitbull is asking for more than this amount, you should start investigating. Ask for a record that will prove that the dog is not a result of two Merle parents and doesn’t have any genetic defects.
A lot of breeders take advantage of buyers who don’t have any idea about dog breeds. So if you are a new blue-eyed Pitbull enthusiast, equip yourself through reading articles like this and other scientific research about dogs.
Before moving on to the next part, I want to share this cute blue-eyed baby Pitbull with you.
Places to Find Blue-Eyed Pitbull Puppies for Sale and Adoption
If you are looking for a blue-eyed adult Pitbull, you will probably find it hard to find one because they are extremely rare. In fact, they are not often advertised because they are tagged as faulty because of their genes.
You will come across Pitbull puppies with blue eyes, but they will eventually change their eye color once they matured.
If you really want to have a blue-eyed Pitbull, my advice is to consistently check the websites mentioned in this section. Just make sure that you purchase with caution because blue-eyed Pitbulls are prone to congenital diseases.
- Bossy Kennels: Boss Kennels is one of the top breeders of Pitbulls in the U.S. They have given a home to numerous Pitties, and a lot of sports personalities have adopted from them. Their XL bullies have a muscular build, and they are trained and given the best care in their facility. You can ask them to ship the pup to your doorstep because they offer air shipping anywhere in the U.S.
- Big Gemini Kennels: Big Gemini Kennels offer XXL blue Pitbulls that came from a reputable bloodline. Their facility is located in Southern California, so you can pay them a visit if you live near that area. You can request your pup to be trained because they have two dog trainers available to assist you.
- Manmade Kennels: Manmade Kennels has been breeding Pitbulls for over ten years. They encourage pet buyers to visit their facility, and consistently video call them to stay informed regarding their dogs’ status. Their facilities in the U.S. are located in Louisiana, California, Texas, Alabama, Delaware, and Mississippi.
- Topdog Bullies: Topdog Bullies breed show quality Pitbulls for over 16 years. They ship in most parts of the U.S. and overseas, including Egypt, Italy, Sweden, and South Africa. You can view their website to see how buff and massive their Pitbulls are.
- Bayou Blood Kennels: This facility is established in South Louisiana, and they offer extra-large Pitbulls born from the top bloodlines, including Hemphill/Wilder, RBG, Greyline, ICK, Camelot, and Nevada. Their dogs are trained in a one on one basis, and they are also given enough exercise every day, so you are assured that they are active and healthy.
If you are more interested in adopting a blue-eyed Pitbull, you can take your chances and visit the following adoption and rescue centers:
- Misspits Rescue: This is a foster-based rescue that promotes responsible dog ownership. They accept dogs from local owners and pet owners who can no longer look after their dogs. Pitbulls in their facility are given shots, neutered, and microchipped. They were also treated for any diseases and parasites before adoption.
- Rescue Me!: Rescue Me is a directory of animal rescue organizations that allows pet adoption. They have already saved 826,359 dogs since they began their cause. If you would like to read some of their adoption success stories, it is available on their website.
- Pit Bull Rescue Central: Pit Bull Rescue Central does not maintain a shelter, but they provide exposure to dogs who need new homes through their website. They are also advocates of breed education, so they train their volunteers on how to handle a Pitbull properly.
- Bobbie’s Pitbull Rescue and Sanctuary: This sanctuary was created in the year 2016, and its mission is to find permanent homes to Pitbulls after rescuing and rehabilitating them. They have specified on their website how you can adopt from their facility, including the requirements, policies, and fees, so if you are interested, visit their page.
- Forgotten Dogs Rescue: Forgotten Dogs Rescue is a nonprofit rescue organization dedicated to saving homeless and abandoned dogs. They were initially located in Washington, but they have foster homes in some parts of Seattle and the Tri-Cities.
Commonly Asked Questions
Are Blue-Eyed Pitbulls More Aggressive?
Blue-eyed Pitbulls are not aggressive to humans, just like its brown-eyed cousins. But they may develop aggression if they suffer from non-ideal living conditions and are not given proper training.
What Other Breeds Can Have Blue Eyes?
The other dog breeds that can have blue eyes are the following:
- Border Collie
- Siberian Husky
- Catahoula Leopard Dog
- Australian Shepherd
- Shetland Sheepdog
- German Shepherd
- Cardigan Welsh Corgi
- Australian Cattle Dog
- Great Dane
- Cocker Spaniel
- Alaskan Klee Kai
- Old English Sheepdog
- Neapolitan Mastiff
- Shih Tzu
Check out this awesome video to learn the ten most common blue-eyed dog breeds.
Do Blue-Eyed Pitbulls Need Sunglasses?
Any kind of dog, regardless of the eye color, doesn’t need sunglasses. However, if your dog is old and you want to protect their eyes, you may have them sport a pair of sunglasses when you walk them outside.
Are Blue-Eyed Pitbulls Good Police Dogs?
If your blue-eyed Pitbull’s overall health is excellent, and you have them checked for eye diseases, and the results come out as favorable, your pup can be trained as a police dog.
Pitbulls are known to have a very stable temperament; that’s why they can quickly learn how to be a bomb or drug-sniffing dogs.
Final Thoughts: Is the Blue-Eyed Pitbull Right for You?
Adult blue-eyed Pitbulls are among the most controversial dogs out there because many kennel clubs do not recognize them. In fact, they are considered faulty and undesirable by many pet owners.
Despite this, many dog enthusiasts still find themselves searching for this dog variety because of its rarity. They purposefully overlook the fact that adult Pitbulls with blue eyes can carry congenital anomalies because of their genetic makeup.
In the event that you had purchased a blue-eyed pup from a reputable breeder and their eyes eventually changed when they matured, do not be alarmed.
This is natural among dogs, and you should feel more secure because your pup has a lesser chance of acquiring certain diseases. Just make sure that you give them proper care and you take them to the vet for some needed shots and check-ups.
My name is John Carter and I absolutely love pets, especially cats and dogs. I’ve got a Bachelor of Science degree in Animal Behaviour and Welfare and have several years’ experience working in animal shelters and rescues. My passion for animals started at a very young age as I grow up on a farm with several horses, cows, cats, chickens, and dogs on our property.