The Poodle is a purebred breed which is widely using for developing designer breeds nowadays. It is often said that Poodles are originated from France because of their close association with privileged rulers of France.
However, it’s not confirmed. Some people believe that they have originated from Germany belongs to the line of curly-coated dogs.
Poodles are also listed in the world’s Top 3 most intelligent dogs. They were used as a water dog in the past. In Europe, they were used as hunting assistant dogs that retrieve the ducks and other animals from the water.
Poodles were first standardized in France and termed as ‘Caniche’ in French for reference, which further tells their history in retrieving the ducks from the water.
There are three types of Poodles distinguished by their sizes: Standard Poodles, Miniature Poodles, and Toy Poodles.
Standard Poodles are medium to large size poodles, Miniature Poodles are small size poodles, and Toy Poodles are mini size poodles. Black coat Poodles can be found in all the sizes of the breed.
Black Poodle Breed Overview
In this section, I’ll overview the black Poodle breed based on facts, origin, color, genetics, the difference from other breeds, and club recognitions.
So, let’s start with the very basics of the breed to get help in a better understanding of black Poodles.
What Are the Black Poodles?
Black Poodles are the Poodles with a black coat. They can be found in all the sizes of the breed, i.e., Standard Poodles, Miniature Poodles, and Toy Poodles.
Poodles have an iconic look, well proportion, and squarely built. They are well known for their curly hair, energy, and intelligence.
Origin of the Breed and Color
As I’ve discussed above, Poodles have an origin in France. It is said that the group of people who used them belongs to the royal families who rule the government in France.
However, due to the lack of information about their proper origin history, some folks also believe that the gene of black Poodles meets with the curly-coated dogs of Germany.
Is the Color Rare?
Black color in Poodles is not the rarest color of Poodles, but it’s challenging to find a true black Poodle, which makes it exceptional. Many other color coats of Poodles resembles with the black Poodles when they are born.
There are two different colored Poodles that are not black, but their puppies are born black. Those two colors are blue and silver.
The silver Poodles, which are born black, clears and change the coat during the first year. The inner coat of the silver Poodles gradually loss 90% of pigmentation.
Depending on the thickness of inner coat hairs, they become white or transparent. But the outer coat of silver Poodles remains black as they age.
Similarly, blue Poodles are also born black and change the color of the coat within a period of 1 to 2 years.
Blue Poodles have an outer coat color as dark as the black ones. That’s why most of them are registered as black Poodles. But their inner coat is of different colors.
Genetics of the Color
In order to be a true black Poodles, it must have three enzymes to produce a black color. The enzyme which is responsible for either a brown or black coat is called dark eumelanin enzyme. The other two enzymes are TRP1 and TRP2.
If both the parent gene of the pup is black, then the Poodle will be a pure black Poodle. And if one is black and the other is brown, then Poodle will still be black but have a minor brownish touch.
Other facts about black Poodle’s color:
- Poodles have an enzyme called Pheomelanin that is responsible for their light color coat.
- If a Poodle which has one black and one brown gene and is bred with the same other, then their puppies will either be a black or brown coat.
- When blue Poodles passes through the middle age, medium brown color predominates over the original coat.
How Do They Different From Other Poodles?
The main difference which distinguishes between the black Poodles with other Poodles is their black color, elegant and attractive coat. The color of the real black Poodle doesn’t fade in, and they don’t have a white or silver outer coat.
The face of the Poodle is deep black when shaved. They are available in all the sizes, from standard to a toy. However, they are more famous in the standard size. The second most thing which separates black Poodles from others is their personality.
Kennel Club Recognition and Pedigree
The American Kennel Club (AKC) recognizes the Poodles in the multi-colored and single-colored coat. It’s a fact that multi-colored Poodles recognition depends on the registry. While the club more easily recognizes a single-colored coat like black.
Although, regarding the Pedigree of black Poodles, it can’t be said anything confidently. However, some of the coats are recognized as the Pedigree having ancestors of the same breed.
Black Poodle Breed Info
In this section, I’ll discuss everything you need to know about the black Poodles, including the appearance, temperament, overall personality, coat types, colors, size, weight, height, and the expected lifespan of black Poodles. This will help you make a full sketch of the breed.
The first thing which helps us decide and make a perception about any breed is its appearance. Many people just fell in love with the look of the dogs regardless of thinking about their sizes and decide to own it.
So, when it comes to the appearance of the black Poodles. It’s for sure an elegant, active, and robust personality breed that is intelligent and smart as it looks. Black Poodles have well-proportioned squarely build.
The height of the black Poodles is determined through the highest point at the shoulder to the ground, which approximately equals the length of the body from the chest to the hip of the Poodles.
They have a dark eye, which is oval and have sharp, alert, and intelligent facial expressions. The coat of black Poodles is dense with a naturally curly texture.
However, the majority of American Kennel Club (AKC) registered black Poodles have a continental cut or other cuts. The same goes for the shaven faces of black Poodles. AKC and other non-FCI Kennel Clubs recognize the three standard sizes of Poodles based on their heights.
While the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI), which is the world’s largest foundation of the National Clubs located in Thuin, Belgium, recognizes the four standard sizes of the black Poodles.
Personality and Temperament
When it comes to the personality of the black Poodles, they compete with another most famous coat of the Poodles, which is a white coat. Black Poodles stand out differently among any other coat because of their elegant and solid color, which is dominant from a distance.
They have a dense black coat with dark brown oval-shaped eyes, which makes their personality more appealing to others.
The temperament of black Poodles is approximately the same across all the color coats with minor differences bases on their sizes. The breed is a bit detached and aloof, especially when it comes to wearing winter clothes to dog accessories. But as a whole, they are sweetheart, friendly and always ready for the adventure.
The minor temperamental differences base on the sizes black Poodles are as follows.
- Center of attention
Reserved – Standard size black Poodles are generally more reserved. However, they love to take part in the different mental and physical activities. But somehow, they remain a bit detached with the owner.
Playful – Miniature or small size black Poodles are more fond of playful activities. They are also very naughty dogs who love to get in touch with humans. They enjoy wearing cool dog clothes, fashionable and trendy harness. They love to walk around in attitude.
Center of attention – Toy Poodles are much like babies, who are happier when they are the center of attention. They also love to wear dog clothes. Similar to babies, they enjoy the attention and being a moon for the owner.
Coat Types and Colors
Black Poodles have two coats like other Poodles, the inner coat, and the outer coat. The topcoat is the upper layer of hairs, and the inner coat is the inner layer of hairs.
According to the microscopic study conducted comprises 50 Poodles, 70% of black Poodles have an inner coat of black color. And 30% have the inner coat ranging from blue to grey.
It is also noted that 63.7% will have gray aging, and as the dog matures, the coat turns into white or grayish. The inner and outer coat of black Poodles is further divided into two types which are as follows.
- Curly coat
- Corded coat
Curly coat – The curly coats of Poodles are always elegant and wooly. It tends to be more stretchable with curly hairs.
Corded coat – The corded coat black Poodles have dense and uneven ringlets (cords). The hairs tightly curl in a ring shape with each other having a length of 7.5 inches.
Poodles are available in a wide variety of colors which are as follows.
- Silver Beige
They can also be found in different patterns like brindle, phantom, party, and abstract. But the most common and popular color coats among Poodles is snowy pure white and the solid black.
Size, Weight, and Height of Black Poodle
As I’ve discussed in the above sections, Poodle is a very diversify breed that comes in different variants. And those variants are distinguished by their respective sizes.
There are three individual sizes of Poodles that are officially recognized by the non-FCI Kennel Clubs all over the world: Standard Poodles, Miniature Poodles, Toy Poodles.
While Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) recognizes the four standard sizes: Standard Poodles, Medium Poodles, Miniature Poodles, and Toy Poodles.
The American Kennel Club first recognized the breed in 1887. And according to them, standard Poodles were the oldest of all the available sizes nowadays.
According to the standard breeding rules of FCI, the following measurements are acceptable based on their types.
|Type||Avg. Weight||Avg. Height||Dog Harness|
|Standard Poodle||Male: 60 to 70 pounds |
Female: 40 to 50 pounds
|18 to 24 inches||22 to 24 inches|
|Miniature Poodle||10 to 15 pounds||11 to 14 inches||14 to 16 inches|
|Toy Poodle||4 to 6 pounds||9 to 11 inches||8 to 10 inches|
Later on, they were bred down into smaller sizes, such as Miniature and Toy Poodles. It is said that smaller size Poodles were bred in England and were also used as a hunting dog for truffle hunting.
But the standard size Poodles of variant colors were mostly used for hunting ducks in England.
It is also believed that Miniature and Toy Poodles were bred for companionship and household pets.
The growth charts of different sizes of black Poodles based on their height are as follows.
|2 month||8 to 8.5 inches|
|3 months||10 to 10.5 inches|
|4 months||11 to 11.5 inches|
|6 months||13.5 to 14 inches|
|5 weeks||5 inches|
|2 months||6 inches|
|3 months||7 inches|
|4 months||8 inches|
|5 months||9 inches|
|6 months||10 inches|
All variants of black Poodle have a life expectancy of around 10 to 18 years as per American Kennel Club, which is quite impressive. Among the list of top 10 most popular breeds, Poodles ranked number 7 with an average lifespan of 10 to 18 years.
Black Poodle Dog Care Guide
In this section, I’ll thoroughly discuss the dietary and daily food requirements, exercise and training requirements, grooming and cleaning requirements, and other special needs of the black Poodles.
I’ll also cover all the aspects of care that are necessary for the longevity of your black Poodles.
Food and Dietary Requirements
A proper dietary can magnificently increase the lifespan of the black Poodles. If you have taken a Poodle from the breeder or shelter home for rescued dogs, then you should ask them about the dietary plan they were using for it.
Suddenly switching the dietary plan can upset the stomach and it will take time to settle down with it.
You can gradually switch the dietary plans. Mostly breeders and shelter homes stick to just one brand only. So, if you want to switch the food, then you have to mix the old food and the new one in a balanced proportion.
|Weeks||New Food||Old Food|
|Week 4||Switch entirely to new food||0|
Feeding Schedule for Black Poodles
The pups who are under the age of 3 months should be set free on food. They do best when they are free fed under three months. But the food must be fresh and shouldn’t be left in the bowl for the whole day.
When the pup crosses the age of 3 months, it should be given meals three times daily in a balanced proportional. A snack can also be given to them at that age.
As the puppy age into a more mature age and becomes an adult, it can be given a 1-time meal in a day with different snacks. However, it depends on their size.
Adult Miniature and Toy Poodles should be given 2-3 meals per day and Standard Poodles can manage their hunger with 1-meal a day with snacks.
Exercise plays a vital role in the overall health of black Poodles. The exercise requirements of black Poodles depends on the base of their type. Every type has its exercise requirements which are as follows.
Standard Black Poodles – Standard black Poodles are more active and energetic than others. They need a minimum exercise of 30 minutes as they need more mental and physical stimulation to get along with their life.
Miniature Black Poodles – Miniature black Poodles needs a bit less amount of daily exercise. Although they are also very active but less as compare to standard ones, they need an exercise of at least 20 minutes to stretch their legs and roam around.
Toy Black Poodles – Toy black Poodles don’t need as such exercise regularly. They enjoy being in the lap of the owners. But to stretch their leg out, roaming around in the house is enough for them. You should keep an eye when they roam around as Toy black Poodles have very sensitive bones.
Training a black Poodle is equally important as the exercise. To be able to adjust in a household and behaves in a manner, they need different types of training like others.
These training help them to be well-mannered pets at home and in public. Black Poodles are generally very intelligent and relatively easy to train.
The essential requirement for black Poodles in terms of training is the household training requirement. They are bit stubborn naturally, but with proper training, they can be your smart companion.
It is crucial to note that black Poodles who have not completed the vet rounds shouldn’t be set free outside in the yard with other dogs. It usually takes four months to complete the vet rounds.
The most important training of the household is potty training. Your puppy must learn the right time to attend nature’s call.
It is estimated that puppies of black Poodle can control their urge to pee up to one hour for every month of age. However, adults can control much longer.
Supervision method for training
A supervision method is necessary for puppies. Owners can use the tethering method. In this method, puppies wear a harness with a leash and are supervised through it.
Leashes for puppies should be short with a soft looped handle to wear around the wrist of yours.
Giving small treats can be the source of motivation for the black Poodle to learn more and more.
In the very beginning, they will do this for reward, but when it becomes a daily routine, then they can’t resist doing that without a treat. This works best in the potty training when you have set the schedule.
- The treat should be new to the puppy.
- Find a healthy snack that comes in a different flavor to give your puppy surprise daily.
- Treats should be given in a small proportion. Chewable bones should be avoided.
- The treat should be appealing, which increases its desire for more.
Cleaning and Grooming Needs
When it comes to grooming, black Poodles are the most sophisticated breed which needs a lot of care and effort for grooming.
They have non-shedding coats, which makes them ideal for people having allergies, but it also makes them high maintenance.
Their coat needs daily brushing and combing because their hairs stick close to their skin, which can result in different skin infections. The following measures should be taken for the black Poodle cleaning and grooming.
- Nail Trimming – Nails trimmings should be done daily. However, Poodles that spend most of their time on pavements don’t need regular nail trimming.
- Ear Cleaning – Their ears should be clean regularly and their floppy ears should be dried off periodically to prevent infections.
- Oral Hygiene – According to the study conducted by Purdue University in 2018, regular tooth brushing can prevent many periodontal diseases.
- Paw Care – The paws of black Poodles can be prone to infections if they are crack. In summers, their paws should be protected from asphalt burn or simply hot road burns. In winters, paws can be safeguarded through paw wax to prevent slippery icy grounds.
Read this article to learn some of the grooming basics for Poodles.
Pros and Cons of Black Poodle Dog
Every breed has some pros and cons. Black Poodles do have some pros and cons which the potential owners should be aware of. Let’s compare the positive and negative points of black Poodles of all types.
Standard Black Poodles
- Standard black Poodles are highly energetic.
- They are easier to train.
- More adaptive to household training.
- More perceptive to the owner’s mood and observant.
- High level of energy which can be problematic if the owner is not ready for it.
- Need plenty of exercise. They need at least 40 minutes to 1 hr of walk daily.
- Not suitable for apartment life.
- Needs professional grooming, which is expensive.
Miniature Black Poodles
- Miniature Poodles have a compact size.
- They are best fit for both apartments and houses.
- Need less time for training. They need at least 20 minutes of walk daily.
- More playful indoor.
- Smart to learn.
- Needs professional grooming like standard Poodles, which is expensive.
- Less energetic.
Toy Black Poodles
- Have a very convenient size.
- Best fit for apartment life.
- Don’t need much of the exercise. Roaming in a flat or house is enough.
- Cute and attractive.
- Desirable to play with them.
- Needs professional grooming like standard and miniature Poodles, which is expensive.
- They are not much active and energetic
- Have fragile bones that can easily crack.
Prices and Expenses
Black Poodle, without a second thought, is an expensive breed. Other than the puppy price, the monthly cost of owning a black Poodle is relatively high due to their special grooming needs.
The initial cost of Poodle’s pup depends on the type and some extra qualifications. There is an average, and high-end class in Poodles. High-end Poodles, which are bred to be a show dog, are expensive.
|Type||Average Poodle||High-end Poodle|
|Standard Poodle||$700 to $1,200||$2,500 to $5,000|
|Miniature or Toy Poodle||$1,000 to $1,500||$1,700 to $2,200|
Once you purchase a black Poodle puppy, the first visit to the vet is necessary, which can cost up to $80 to $100, where they will examine the Poodle for any possible health conditions.
If you want to spay or neuter your pup, then it can cost $50 to $300, and more depends on the place. The vet can also charge $10 to $50 for vaccinations.
The average monthly cost of owning a black Poodle ranges from $150 to $800 and their yearly expenses can cost you around $1,500 to $10,000 on average.
These expenses include all the basic items for you Poodle such as foods, treats, toys, grooming, training classes, and pet insurance.
Where to Adopt or Buy a Black Poodle Puppy?
A puppy of black Poodle can be found from various places, and their prices also vary from place to place. Before buying one, I highly suggest you consider adopting a Poodle from an animal shelter or rescue group.
Reputable Breeders – Poodles can be bought from reputable breeders which are expensive because they are experienced and provide good care to their puppies. Reputable breeders also maintain a proper health history of the puppies and parents. They will provide you a lot of information about feeding, raising, and training of the puppies.
Accidental Breeders – Accidental breeders don’t have a business to sell puppies for a profit. It usually happens when the Poodles have accidentally bred with each other. Therefore, their prices might be low without any proper history of pups.
Rescue Shelters – Rescue shelters can have the lowest price for a pretty good black Poodle. However, chances are so rare to have one in the shelter, but it can a good way to get a healthy black Poodle at a low price.
Read this article to learn how to find a good, responsible dog breeder to get your black Poodle puppies.
Common Health Risks of Black Poodles
Some of the common genetic health problems of black Poodles are as follows.
- Hip Dysplasia
- Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
- Thyroid Issues
- Chronic Active Hepatitis
- Addison’s Disease
- Cushing’s Disease
Epilepsy is related to an abnormal brain process called seizures. Seizures create a sudden electrical disturbance in the brain, which results in abnormal behaviors, change in feelings, emotions, and levels of consciousness.
The inherited epilepsy caused by the parents is called primary epilepsy, while epilepsy, which is caused by any infections or toxins, is called secondary epilepsy. You should concern to vet in such conditions.
Black Poodles are also prone to hip dysplasia, which is a common inherited disorder in dogs. In this disorder, the balls and sockets of the hind legs don’t fit with another and can be treated by corticosteroids or anti-inflammatories, which are given as a nutritional supplement in the food.
According to the severity and nature and of the hip dysplasia, an injection of anti-inflammatories can be injected, and surgery can be done in some cases.
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA) is an eye disorder in which the rod cells in the retina become their enemy and destroys themselves gradually. This disorder first makes a dog night blind and gradually becomes completely blind. Unfortunately, treatment for this disease is not possible.
There can be some malfunctioning due to unbalance in thyroid hormones, which can results in sudden weight gain, hair loss, looking warm spaces, and excessive hunger.
Chronic Active Hepatitis
Chronic active hepatitis is also known as the chronic canine inflammatory hepatic disease (CCIHD) that is caused by the excessive quantity of copper cells in the liver, which damages the cells of a liver.
It can result in increased urination, loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, sluggishness, depression, weight loss.
The treatment for chronic active hepatitis includes different types of therapies, such as azathioprine and steroids.
Addison’s disease is a disorder of adrenal glands of the dogs, which can result in depression, digestive issues, and anxiety.
Cushing disease is a severe type of disorder, in which the level of cortisol which is a steroid hormone increases in the blood because of the secretion of a hormone (ACTH) caused by a pituitary gland. It causes loss of appetite, excessive urination, hair loss, and change of hair texture.
Black Poodle is an intelligent, energetic, and active breed that was bred explicitly for assisting the hunters in retrieving prey.
They were mostly used to retrieve the duck from the lake of England. At that time, there was only one standard size of Poodle, which is Standard Poodles nowadays.
The breed was bred to smaller sizer, i.e., Miniature and Toys for companionship. Today they are the most popular breed and ranks at number 7 for being the most popular breed on the AKC listings.
They have a pretty good lifespan than other strains of the same category and can live up to 18 years.
So, if you are looking for an intelligent, smart, naughty, elegant, and fancy pet, then there is no better option than a black Poodle.